新概念英语第一册笔记新版:第23课
作者:不想放弃
2011-02-14 21:15:19

Lesson 67 The weekend

[词汇]

greengrocer n. 蔬菜水果零售商

absent adj. 缺席的

Monday n. 星期一

Tuesday n. 星期二

Wednesday n. 星期三

Thursday n. 星期四

keep v. (身体健康)处于(状况)

spend v. 度过

weekend n. 周末

Friday n. 星期五

Saturday n. 星期六

Sunday n. 星期日

country n. 乡村

lucky adj. 幸运的

 

butcher 卖肉的

at the butcher's 在肉店里

at the greengrocer's

dentist 牙医

at the dentist's 在牙医的诊所

hairdresser

at the hairdresser's

my mother

at my mother's Home

at my mother's

I am going to stay at my mother's this Friday.

this weekend 这个周末

They are going to stay at her mother's this weekend.

 

be absent

be absent from school 缺课

be absent from work 旷工

 

study

school

student

[k] [d] [g] [b]

与S搭配发音要“浊化”

 

in the country

luck

good luck

 

一般过去时

 

1 现在进行时

一表示现阶段正在进行或发生的事情

二表示一个阶段正在进行,但说话时不一定正在进行

三表示将来要做的事情

be + v+ing

be + not + v+ing

now

2 一般现在时

表示现在的事实或状态

表示经常的习惯或反复的动作

代替一般将来时

结构:主语+be动词

主语+实义动词原形

主语是第三人称单数时 +v+s(es)

don’t; do

doesn’t; does

一般现在时的时间

频率副词:often, always, sometimes, never, usually

用在be动词之后,行为动词之前

否定句中用在助动词和行为动词之间

 

一般过去时

一表示过去某个点上特定的时间存在的状态,事实,或发生的动作。

二表示在过去的一段时间内经常发生的动作或反复的习惯。

was, were

wasn't, weren't

two years ago 两年以前

three days ago 三天以前

five years ago 五年以前

two minutes ago

four weeks ago

last year

last month

last Sunday

I was a student two years ago.

I wasn't a student two years ago.

Were you a student two years ago?

yesterday

I was at the butcher's yesterday.

Mrs. Williams

Mrs. Williams was at the greengrocer's three days ago.

just now 刚才

Were you at the butcher's just now?

Were you at the greengrocer's just now?

absent

be absent from school

be absent from work

Jimmy was absent from school last week.

They were absent from work last week.

He was absent from school on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday.

v 动作的过去时态

go -> went

I went there yesterday.

did, didn't

I didn't go there yesterday.

Did you go there yesterday? Yes, I did. No, I didn't.

What do you do every day?

What do they do every day?

What does she do every day?

What did you do yesterday?

动作的过去式变化

规则变化

ask, jump, wait

1 一般的动词后面直接加-ed

清辅音后面加ed,读[t]

浊辅音或元音后面加ed,读[d]

asked [B:skt]

jumped [dVQmpt]

cleaned [kli:nd]

lied [laid]

waited [5weitid]

2 单词末尾是e的直接加d

believe, argue, waste

believed, argued, wasted

3 单词是以短元音加一个辅音结尾,这个辅音要双写加ed

C, e, a, i

chat, stop, beg, fit

chatted

stopped

begged

fitted

4 如果是辅音字母加y结尾的单词,要把y变i加ed

study, empty, cry

studied

emptied

cried

play -> played

enjoy -> enjoyed

empty -> empties -> emptied -> emptying

I empty the basket every morning.

My mother empties the basket every morning.

My father emptied the basket yesterday morning.

They are emptying the basked.

I am going to empty the basket.

I didn't empty the basket yesterday.

Did you empty the basket yesterday?

What did you do yesterday?

What did she do yesterday?

What did your mother do yesterday?

 

[词汇·略]

 

keep -> kept

How are you all keeping?

keep up with sb. 赶上某人

keep on doing sth. 继续保持做某事

keep sb./sth. under one's hat = keep secret 保守秘密

study

study hard

want to do sth.

I am studying hard.

I want to keep up with you.

try 尝试

keep on trying

 

cost [物做主语,表示物的售价]

pay [人做主语,人为某物付钱]

afford 支付得起,腾出时间

take [花时间]

expend [数额较大,比较正式的用法]

It cost me …

pay for

I can't afford it.

I can afford one day for you.

spend

spend three days

holiday 假期

Spend my holiday

in the country

I am going to spend three days in the country.

spend the weekend

They are going to spend their weekend in Hong Kong.

spend … on

spend (in) doing sth.

I spend some time reading the book.

Women always spend a lot of money on clothes.

I have spent a lot of money on my child.

I spent ten minutes in listening to Mr.Zhang's explanation.

spend some time on sth.

spend some time in doing sth.

luck

lucky

unlucky 不幸运的

good luck

 

at the greengrocer's

be absent from school

How are you all keeping?

spend some time

in the country

We are very lucky.

 

Mrs. Johnson was at the butcher's yesterday.

Mrs. William was at the greengrocer's.

They were at the school yesterday.

Jimmy was absent from school yesterday.

They were absent from work on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday.

How are you all keeping?

We are going to spend three days in the country.

You are very lucky.

You aren't very lucky.

Aren't you lucky?

 

[课文]

Hello.

Where you at the butcher's?

Yes. I was.

Were you at butcher's, too?

No, I wasn't.

I was at the greengrocer's.

How's Jimmy today?

He's very well, thank you.

Was he absent from school last week?

Yes, he was.

He was absent on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Tuesday.

How are you all keeping?

Very well, thank you.

We're going to spend three days in the country.

We're going to stay at my mother's for the weekend.

Friday, Saturday and Sunday in the country!

Aren't you lucky!

 

Lesson 68 What's the time?

 

[词汇]

 

church n. 教堂

dairy n. 乳品店

baker n. 面包师傅

grocer n. 食品杂货商

 

Written exercises 书面练习A

1 \ at church

2 the

3 \ at school

4 the

5 the

6 the

7 \

My son goes to school every morning.

 

Written exercises 书面练习B

1 Tom/the hairdresser's/Thursday

When was Tom at the hairdresser's?

He was at the hairdresser's on Thursday.

2 Mrs. Jones/the butcher's/Wednesday

When was Mrs. Jones at the butcher's?

She was at the butcher's on Wednesday.

3 he/Home/Sunday

When was he at Home?

He was at Home in Sunday.

4 Penny/the baker's/Friday

When was Penny at the baker's?

She was at the baker's on Friday.

5 The/the grocer's/Monday

When was Mrs.Milliams at the grocer's?

She was at the grocer's on Monday.

6 Nicola/the office/Tuesday

When was Nicola was at the office?

He was at the office on Tuesday.

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